776 BC: The first Olympic Games are held.
750-550 BC: The Greek Colonisation of the Mediterranean.
743-724 BC: The 1st Messenian War – Sparta defeats the Messenians and reduces them to helots.
c. 700 BC: Black-Figure Pottery is developed in Corinth.
c. 660-650 BC: The 2nd Messenian War.
c. 630 BC: Sappho is born on Lesbos.
c. 626 BC: Thales is born in Miletus.
594 BC: Solon replaces the Draconian law in Athens and lays the foundation for Democracy.
c. 570 BC: Pythagoras is born on Samos.
546 BC: Peisistratus becomes tyrant of Athens.
c. 530 BC: Red-Figure Pottery is developed in Attica.
508 BC: Cleisthenes reforms the Athenian code of laws and establishes a democratic constitution.
499-479 BC: The Greco-Persian Wars
499-493: The Ionian Revolt.
492-490 BC: The 1st Invasion of Greece.
490 BC: The Greeks defeat the Persians at the Battle of Marathon.
480-479 BC: The 2nd Invasion of Greece.
480 BC: The Persians defeat the 300 Spartans at the Battle of Thermopylae and subsequently capture Athens. However, their navy is defeated at the Battle of Salamis.
479 BC: The Greeks defeat the Persians at the Battle of Plataea.
478 BC: The Delian League is founded.
464 BC: Laconian Earthquake and the 3rd Messenian War.
461-429 BC: The Age of Pericles in Athens.
431-404 BC: The Peloponnesian War
431-421 BC: The Archidamian War.
429 BC: The death of Pericles.
421 BC: The Peace of Nicias.
415-413 BC: The Sicilian Expedition.
413-404 BC: The Second War.
399 BC: Socrates is put on trial and executed.
c. 387 BC: Plato founds the Academy in Athens.
371 BC: The Thebans defeat Sparta at the Battle of Leuctra, shattering Spartan dominance in Greece.
359 BC: Philip II becomes king of Macedonia.
338 BC: The Macedonian army defeats Athens and its allies at the Battle of Chaeronea and the League of Corinth is founded.
336 BC: Philip II of Macedon is assassinated and Alexnader the Great becomes king.
334 BC: Aristotle founds the Lyceum in Athens.
334-326 BC: The Conquests of Alexander the Great
334 BC: Alexander the Great defeats the Persian army at the Battle of Granicus.
333 BC: Alexander the Great defeats the Persians at the Battle of Issus.
332 BC: Alexander the Great besieges the city of Tyre and captures it. He then invades Egypt and founds Alexandria.
331 BC: Alexander the Great defeats the Persians at the Battle of Gaugamela.
329 BC: Alexander the Great reaches Bactria.
326 BC: Alexander the Great reaches India.
323 BC: Alexander the Great dies at Babylon.
c. 287 BC: Archimedes is born in Syracuse.
279 BC: The Gauls invade Greece.
214-205 BC: The 1st Macedonian War.
200-196 BC: The 2nd Macedonian War – Philip V is defeated and forced to abandon Greece.
172-168 BC: The 3rd Macedonian War – Perseus is defeated at the Battle of Pydna.
146 BC: Corinth is sacked by Mummius Achaiacus, the Achaean League is dissolved and Greece is annexed by Rome.