A work in progress.
The aim is to map out all the different aspects of Herculaneum so that it can be used as a teaching aid or a guide for those interested in the site.
Any input or contributions are greatly appreciated.
For scholarship on the city see the Herculaneum Reading List.
- Ala – Wing or alcove opening to left and/or right of the atrium of a Roman house.
- Apodyterium – A changing room of a Roman baths.
- Ara – An altar.
- Atrium – The main hall of a Roman house.
- Augustales – local officials, usually freedmen, appointed in various towns for the worship of deified emperors.
- Basilica – Colonnaded public hall on the Forum, used for commercial transactions and dispensing of justice.
- Caldarium – The hot room of a Roman baths.
- Caupona – An inn or tavern, which served hot food.
- Compluvium – An opening in the roof, which had below it, a water tank (impluvium) in the atrium floor.
- Cubiculum – A bedroom.
- Domus – A house within a city.
- Fauces – Entranceway to a house, leading to the atrium.
- Frigidarium – The cold room of a Roman baths.
- Hospitium – Inn or lodgings.
- Impluvium – A water tank on the floor of the atrium, which had directly above it, an opening (compluvium) in the roof.
- Lararium – A shrine to the household gods.
- Nymphaeum – A ornamental fountain.
- Oecus – The main living room of a Greek house, introduced to Roman architecture along with the peristyle. Often used for dining.
- Palaestra – An open area surrounded by covered porticoes used for wrestling and exercise, often forming part of a Roman bath complex.
- Peristyle – An open courtyard or garden surrounded by a colonnade.
- Pistrinum – A bakery or mill.
- Posticum – A house’s second entrance, or backdoor.
- Sacellum – A shrine.
- Taberna – A shop.
- Taberna Textorum – A fabric shop.
- Taberna Vinorum – A wine shop.
- Tablinum – A study.
- Templum – A temple.
- Tepidarium – The warm room of a Roman baths.
- Theatrum – A theatre
- Thermae – Roman bath complex.
- Triclinium – A dining room.
- Villa – A house in the country.