Roma

A work in progress.

The aim is to map out all the different aspects of Rome so that it can be used as a teaching aid or a guide for those interested in the site.

Any input or contributions are greatly appreciated.

Explore This 1:250 Model of Ancient Rome Which Took 38 Years to ...
Model reconstruction of Ancient Rome.
A map of Ancient Rome.

For scholarship on the city see the City of Rome Reading List.

Glossary

  • Aedes – A temple.
  • Ala – Wing or alcove opening to left and/or right of the atrium of a Roman house.
  • Amphitheatrum – An amphitheatre.
  • Apodyterium – A changing room of a Roman baths.
  • Aqua – An aqueduct.
  • Ara – An altar.
  • Arcus – An arch.
  • Athenaeum – An intellectual school.
  • Atrium – The main hall of a Roman house.
  • Augustales – local officials, usually freedmen, appointed in various towns for the worship of deified emperors.
  • Balneum – A small private bathhouse.
  • Basilica – Colonnaded public hall on the Forum, used for commercial transactions and dispensing of justice.
  • Bibliotheca – A library.
  • Caldarium – The hot room of a Roman baths.
  • Capitolium – A temple dedicated to the Capitoline Triad; Jupiter, Juno and Minerva.
  • Carcer – A prison.
  • Castra – A fort, fortress or barracks.
  • Caupona – An inn or tavern, which served hot food.
  • Circus – A racetrack, usually for chariot racing.
  • Cloaca – A sewer.
  • Compluvium – An opening in the roof, which had below it, a water tank (impluvium) in the atrium floor.
  • Columbarium – A tomb for storing cinerary urns, usually partially or wholly underground.
  • Cubiculum – A bedroom.
  • Curia – Senate house
  • Domus – A house within a city.
  • Fauces – Entranceway to a house, leading to the atrium.
  • Fornix – A type of arch.
  • Forum – A public square used for commerical and political purposes.
  • Frigidarium – The cold room of a Roman baths.
  • Horreum – A warehouse.
  • Hospitium – An inn or lodgings.
  • Impluvium – A water tank on the floor of the atrium, which had directly above it, an opening (compluvium) in the roof.
  • Insula – An apartment block.
  • Iseum – A temple to Isis.
  • Lacus – A spring or lake.
  • Lararium – A shrine to the household gods.
  • Ludus – A school; a term often used for gladiator training schools.
  • Macellum – A market.
  • Mithraeum – A temple to Mithras.
  • Murus – A wall.
  • Nymphaeum – A ornamental fountain.
  • Oecus – The main living room of a Greek house, introduced to Roman architecture along with the peristyle. Often used for dining.
  • Officina – A workshop.
  • Palaestra – An open area surrounded by covered porticoes used for wrestling and exercise, often forming part of a Roman bath complex.
  • Peristyle – An open courtyard or garden surrounded by a colonnade.
  • Piscina – A pool.
  • Pistrinum – A bakery or mill.
  • Pons – A bridge.
  • Porta – A gate.
  • Porticus – A portico.
  • Posticum – A house’s second entrance, or backdoor.
  • Rostra – A speaker’s platform.
  • Sacellum – A shrine.
  • Sepulcrum – A tomb.
  • Stadium – An area for athletics competitions.
  • Taberna – A shop.
  • Tablinum – A study.
  • Templum – A temple.
  • Tepidarium – The warm room of a Roman baths.
  • Theatrum – A theatre.
  • Thermae – Roman bath complex.
  • Triclinium – A dining room.
  • Turris – A tower or turret.
  • Ustrinum – A cremation area.
  • Via – A street.
  • Vicus – A neighbourhood.
  • Villa – A house in the country.