Bastet is an Egyptian goddess of protection, cats, perfume, fertility, pregnancy, children, music, the arts and warfare.
Bastet was worshiped in Bubastis, originally as a lioness goddess, a role shared by other deities such as Sekhmet. Eventually Bastet and Sekhmet were characterized as two aspects of the same goddess, with Sekhmet representing the powerful warrior and protector aspect and Bastet, who increasingly was depicted as a cat, representing a gentler aspect.
Cats in ancient Egypt were highly revered, partly due to their ability to combat vermin, such as mice, rats and snakes. Cats of royalty were, in some instances, known to be dressed in golden jewelry and were allowed to eat from the plates of their owners.
At Bastet’s temple at Bubastis, more than 300,000 mummified cats have been discovered. The death of a cat might leave a family in great mourning and those who could, would have them embalmed or buried in cat cemeteries, which points to the great prevalence of the cult of Bastet. Extensive burials of cat remains were found not only at Bubastis, but also at Beni Hasan and Saqqara.