Satyrs

They were rustic fertility daemons of the countryside and wilds. They consorted with the Nymphs and were companions of the god Dionysus.

Satyrs were depicted as animalistic men with asinine ears, pug noses, reclining hair-lines, the tails of horses and erect members. As companions of Dionysus, they were usually shown drinking, dancing, playing flutes and sporting with the Maenads.

Satyros Cdm Paris DeRidder509.jpg
Satyr. Attic red-figure plate, c. 520–500 BC, from Vulci, Etruria.

Panes

They were rustic goat-legged satyrs of the mountains and highland pastures, who protected the goat herds and sheep flocks which grazed these lands and were a multiplication of the god Pan.

Silens

They were elderly satyrs in the train of the god Dionysus. They were sons of the Silenus and the fathers of the tribes of satyrs and Oreads.

Ampulus

He was a handome, young Thracian satyr loved by the god Dionysus. He was slain by a wild bull and transformed by the grieving god into the first grapevine.

Marsyas

He was a Phrygian satyr, who invented the music of the flute. He found the very first flute, which had been crafted but cast away by the goddess Athena, who had been displeased by the bloating of the cheeks. Marsyas later challenged the god Apollo to a musical contest but lost when the god demanded they play their instruments upside-down in the second round, a feat ill-suited to the flute. As punishment for his hubris, Apollo had Marsyas tied to a tree and flayed alive. The gods then transformed him into a stream.

Killed by: Apollo

Marsyas receiving Apollo’s punishment, İstanbul Archaeology Museum.