Sabazius

Sabazius was originally the horseman and sky father god of the Phrygians and Thracians.

Symbols: Staff, Gesturing hand, Horse

Bronze hand used in the worship of Sabazius, British Museum. Roman, 1st–2nd c. AD.

The Romans identified Sabazius with Bacchus and Jupiter.

He was also associated with a number of archeological finds depicting a bronze, right hand in the benedictio latina gesture. The hand appears to have had ritual significance and may have been affixed to a sceptre (as the one carried by Sabazius on the Philippopolis slab). Although there are many variations, the hand of Sabazius is typically depicted with a pinecone on the thumb and with a serpent or pair of serpents encircling the wrist and surmounting the bent ring and pinky fingers. Additional symbols occasionally included on the hands of Sabazius include a lightning bolt over the index and middle fingers, a turtle and lizard on the back of the hand, an eagle, a ram, a leafless branch and the thyrsus.

Copper alloy Roman hand of Sabazius. Walters Art Museum, Baltimore.