The scholarship available of the city state of Athens.


  • Hornblower, S. & Greenstock, M.C., The Athenian empire, Harlow, 1984.
  • Meiggs, R., The Athenian empire, Oxford, 1972.
  • Rhodes, P.J., Athenian democracy, Edinburgh, 2004.

Further Reading

  • Cargill, J., The Second Athenian League: empire or free alliance?, London, 1981.
  • Cargill, J., Athenian settlements of the fourth century B.C, Leiden, 1995.
  • Cawkwell, G.L., ‘The Foundation of the Second Athenian Confederacy’ in The Classical Quarterly 23, 1973, 47-60.
  • Cawkwell, G.L., ‘Notes on the Failure of the Second Athenian Confederacy’ in The Journal of Hellenic Studies 101, 1981, 40-55.
  • Figueira, T.J., The power of money: coinage and politics in the Athenian Empire, Philadelphia PA, 1998.
  • Finley, M.I., ‘The Athenian Empire: a balance sheet’ in Economy and society in ancient Greece, Harmondsworth, 1981, 41-61.
  • Giffith, G.T., ‘Athens in the fourth century’ in Imperialism in the ancient world: Cambridge University research seminar in ancient history, Cambridge, 1978.
  • Hurwit, J.M., The Athenian Acropolis: history, mythology, and archaeology from the Neolithic era to the present, Cambridge, 1999.
  • Kagan, D., The fall of the Athenian Empire, London, 1987.
  • McGregor, M.F., The Athenians and their empire, Vancouver, 1987.
  • Ober, J., The Athenian revolution: essays on ancient Greek democracy and political theory, Princeton, 1996.
  • Perlman, S., Athenian Democracy and the Revival of Imperialistic Expansion at the Beginning of the Fourth Century B.C. in Classical Philology 63, 1968, 257-267.
  • Powell, A., Athens and Sparta: constructing Greek political and social history from 478 BC, London, 1988.
  • Rhodes, P.J., ‘Who ran democratic Athens?’ in Polis & politics: studies in ancient Greek history : presented to Mogens Herman Hansen on his sixtieth birthday, August 20, 2000, Copenhagen, 2000, 465-477.
  • Robertson, N., ‘The true nature of the “Delian League” 478-461 BC‘ in American journal of ancient history 5, New Brunswick NJ, 1986, 64-137.
  • Seager, R., Thrasybulus, Conon and Athenian Imperialism, 396-386 B.C. in The Journal of Hellenic Studies 87, 1967, 95-115.
  • Stockton, D.L., The classical Athenian democracy, Oxford, 1990.
  • Strauss, B.S., Athens after the Peloponnesian War: class, faction and policy 403-386 BC, London, 1986.