The scholarship available on the city state of Sparta.


  • Cartledge, P., Sparta and Lakonia: a regional history, 1300-362 BC, London, 2002.
  • Powell, A., Hodkinson, S. & Christesen, P., (ed.) Sparta: the body politic, Swansea, 2010.
  • Whitby, M., Sparta, Edinburgh, 2002.

Further Reading

  • Andrewes, A., ‘Spartan Imperialism‘ in Imperialism in the ancient world: Cambridge University research seminar in ancient history, Cambridge, 1978.
  • Cartledge, P., Agesilaus and the crisis of Sparta, London, 1986.
  • Cawkwell, G., ‘Agesilaus and Sparta’ in The Classical Quarterly 26, 1976, 62-84.
  • Finley, M.I., ‘Sparta and Spartan Society’ in Economy and society in ancient Greece, Harmondsworth, 1981.
  • Hack, H.M., ‘Thebes and the Spartan Hegemony, 386-382 B.C.’in The American Journal of Philology 99.2, 1987, 210-227.
  • Hamilton, C.H., Sparta’s bitter victories: politics and diplomacy in the Corinthian War, Ithaca NY, 1978.
  • Hamilton, C.H., Agesilaus and the failure of Spartan hegemony, Ithaca NY, 1991.
  • Kelly, D.H., ‘Policy-making in the Spartan assembly’ in Antichthon: journal of the Australian Society for Classical Studies 15, Sydney, 1981, 47-61.
  • Lewis, D.M. & Bradeen, D.W., Sparta and Persia: lectures delivered at the University of Cincinnati, Autumn 1976 in memory of Donald W. Bradeen, Leiden, 1977.
  • Parke, H.W., ‘The Development of the Second Spartan Empire (405-371 B.C.)’ in The Journal of Hellenic Studies 50, 1930, 37-79.
  • Pomeroy, S.B., Spartan women, Oxford, 2002.
  • Powell, A., Athens and Sparta: constructing Greek political and social history from 478 BC, London, 1988.
  • Seager, R.J., ‘Agesilaus in Asia: propaganda and objectives’ in Liverpool classical monthly 2, Liverpool, 1977, 183-184.
  • Westlake, H.D., ‘Spartan Intervention in Asia, 400-397 B.C.’ in Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte, 1986, 405-426.