Sanitation in Ancient Rome

The scholarship available on sanitation in the ancient City of Rome.


  • Connolly, P. & Dodge, H., The ancient city: life in Classical Athens and Rome, Oxford, 1998, 238-47.
  • Coulston, J. & Dodge, H., Ancient Rome: the archaeology of the eternal cityOxford, 2000, Ch 9.
  • Erdkamp, P. (ed.) The Cambridge companion to ancient Rome, Cambridge, 2013, Ch 17.
  • Robinson, O.F., Ancient Rome: city planning and administration, London, 1992, 95-.
  • Stambaugh, J.E., The ancient Roman city, Baltimore, 1988, 128-32, 201-6.

Further Reading

  • Aicher, P.J., Guide to the Aqueducts of Ancient Rome, Wauconda, 1995.
  • DeForest, D., ‘Emperors, baths, and public spaces: the imperial thermae in Rome’s Late Antique   landscape’, in G. Smith and J. Gadeyne (ed.), Perspectives on Public Space in Rome, from Antiquity to the Present Day, Farnham, 2013, 43-64.
  • DeLaine, J., The baths of Caracalla: a study in the design, construction, and economics of large-scale building projects in imperial Rome, Portsmouth RI, 1997.
  • Hodge, A.T., Roman aqueducts & water supply, London, 1992.
  • de Kleijn, G., The water supply of ancient Rome: city area, water, and population, Amsterdam, 2001.
  • Nielsen, I., Thermae et balnea: the architecture and cultural history of Roman public baths, Aarhus, 1990.
  • Taylor, R.M., Public needs and private pleasures: water distribution, the Tiber river and the urban development of ancient Rome, Rome, 2000.
  • Yegul, F.K., Baths and bathing in classical antiquity, New York, 1992, Ch 5.