Frontiers of the Empire

The scholarship available on the Frontiers of the Empire.


  • Breeze, D.J., The Frontiers of Imperial Rome, Barnsley, 2011.
  • Isaac, B., The Limits of Empire. The Roman Army in the East, Oxford, 1992.
  • Luttwak, E.N., The Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire from the First Century AD to the Third, Baltimore, 1976.
  • Whittaker, C.R., Frontiers of the Roman Empire. A Social and Economic Study, Baltimore, 1994.

Further Reading

  • Bidwell, P.T., Excavations at South Shields Roman Fort, Newcastle upon Tyne, 1993.
  • Bishop, M.C., ‘Praesidium: social, military, and logistical aspects of the Roman army’s provincial distribution during the early principate’, in Goldsworthy & Haynes 1999, 113-18.
  • Braund, D., Rome and the Friendly King: the Character of Client Kingship, London, 1984.
  • Breeze, D., The Northern Frontier of Roman Britain, London, 1982.
  • Breeze, D.J. & Dobson, B., Hadrian’s Wall, London, 1976.
  • Campbell, D.B., The Rise of Imperial Rome, AD 14-193, Oxford, 2013.
  • Creighton, J.D. and Wilson, R.J.A. (ed.), Roman Germany. Studies in Cultural Interaction, JRA Supplementary Series 32, Portsmouth RI, 1999.
  • Elton, H., Frontiers of the Roman Empire, London, 1996.
  • Fields, N., Hadrian’s Wall: AD 122-410, Oxford, 2003.
  • Fields, N., Rome’s Northern Frontier: AD 70-235, Oxford, 2005.
  • Fields, N., Rome’s Saxon Shore: Coastal Defences of Roman Britain, AD 250-500, Oxford, 2006.
  • Frere, S.S. & St Joseph, J.K., Roman Britain From the Air, Cambridge, 1983.
  • Hodgson, N., ‘The east as part of the wider Roman imperial frontier policy’, in D.H. French & C.S. Lightfoot (ed.), The Eastern Frontier of the Roman Empire, BAR Int. Ser.553, Oxford, 1989, 177-89.
  • Isaac, B., ‘The meaning of the terms limes and limitanei’, JRS 78, 1988, 125-47.
  • Jones, R.H., Roman Camps in Scotland, Edinburgh, 2011.
  • Jones, R.H., Roman Camps in Britain, Stroud, 2012.
  • Mattern, S.P., Rome and the Enemy. Imperial Strategy in the Principate, Berkeley, 1999.
  • Maxfield, V.A. & Dobson, M.J. (ed.), Roman Frontier Studies 1989. Proceedings of the XVth International Congress of Roman Frontier Studies, Exeter, 1991.
  • Rushworth, A. (ed.), Housesteads Roman Fort. The Grandest Station, Swindon, 2009.
  • Schlüter, W., ‘The battle of the Teutoburg Forest: archaeological research near Kalkreise near Osnabrück’, in Creighton & Wilson 1999, 125-60.
  • Wacher, J. (ed.), The Roman World, London, 1987, vol.I, part 4.