Identity in the Roman Army

The scholarship available on identity in the Roman Army.


  • Coulston, J.C.N., ‘Military identity and personal self-identity in the Roman army’, in L. De Ligt, E.A. Hemelrijk and H.W. Singor (ed.), Roman Rule and Civic Life: Local and Regional Perspectives, Amsterdam, 2004, 135-52.

Further Reading

  • Alston, R., ‘The ties that bind: soldiers and societies’, Goldsworthy & Haynes 1999, 175-95.
  • Birley, A.R., Officers of the Second Augustan Legion in Britain: The Third Annual Caerleon Lecture. In Honorem Aquilae Legionis II Augustae, 1990, Cardiff.
  • Bishop, M.C., ‘On parade: status, display and morale in the Roman army’, in H. Vetters and M.
  • Kandler (ed.), Akten des 14. internationalen Limeskongresses 1986 in Carnuntum, Wien, 1990, 21-30.
  • Bishop, M.C., ‘The early imperial “apron”‘, Journal of Roman Military Equipment Studies 3, 1992, 81-104.
  • Brunt, P.A., ‘Did imperial Rome disarm her subjects?’, Phoenix 29, 1975, 260-70.
  • Coulston, J.C., ‘Three legionaries at Croy Hill’, in Coulston 1988, 1-29.
  • Coulston 1998.
  • Coulston, J.C.N., ‘Art, culture and service: the depiction of soldiers on funerary monuments of the 3rd century AD’, in Blois, L. de and Lo Cascio, E. (ed.), The Impact of the Roman Army (200 BC – AD 476). Economic, Social, Political, Religious and Cultural Aspects, Impact of Empire 6, Leiden, 2007, 529-61.
  • Cowan, R., Roman Legionary: 58 BC-AD 69, Oxford, 2003.
  • Cowan, R., Roman Guardsman 62 BC-AD 324, Oxford, 2014.
  • D’Amato, R., Roman Centurions: 31 BC-AD 500, Oxford, 2012.
  • Fields, N., Roman Auxiliary Cavalryman: AD 14-193, Oxford, 2006.
  • Fields, N., Early Roman Warrior: 753-321 BC, Oxford, 2011.
  • Gardner, A., ‘Identities in the Late Roman army: material and textual perspectives’, in G. Fincham, G. Harrison, R. Holland & L. Revell (ed.), TRAC 2000. Proceedings of the Tenth Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conference, Oxford, 2001, 35-47.
  • Gardner, A., An Archaeology of Identity. Soldiers and Society in Late Roman Britain, Walnut Creek, 2007.
  • James, S., ‘The community of the soldiers: a major identity and centre of power in the Roman empire’, in P. Baker, C. Forcey, S. Jundi & B. Witcher (ed.), Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conference, Leicester, 1998, Oxford, 2000, 14-25.
  • Pegler, A., ‘Social organisations within the Roman army’, in K. Meadows, C. Lemke & J. Heron
  • (ed.), TRAC 1996. Proceedings of the Sixth Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conference,
  • Oxford, 1997, 37-43.
  • Speidel, M.P., ‘The fustis as a soldier’s weapon’, Antiquités Africaines 29, 1993, 137-49.