The Legions of the Roman Army

The scholarship available on the legions of the Roman Army.

  • Bahat, D., ‘A roof tile of the legio VI ferrata and pottery vessels from Horvat Hazon’, IEJ 24.3, 1974, 160-169.
  • Balty, J.C., ‘Apamea in Syria in the second and third centuries AD’, JRS 78, 1988, 91-104.
  • Balty, J.C. and Rengen, W. van, Apamea in Syria. The Winter Quarters of Legio II Parthica, Bruxelles, 1993.
  • Bidwell, P.T., The Legionary Bath-House and Basilica and Forum at Exeter, Exeter, 1979.
  • Bidwell, P.T. & Boon, G.C., ‘An antefix type of the second Augustan legion from Exeter’, Brit 7, 1976, 278-280.
  • Birley, A.R., Officers of the Second Augustan Legion in Britain: The Third Annual Caerleon Lecture. In Honorem Aquilae Legionis II Augustae, Cardiff, 1990.
  • Bishop, M.C., Handbook to Roman Legionary Fortresses, Barnsley, 2012.
  • Breeze, D.J., ‘The organisation of the legion: the first cohort and the equites legionis‘, JRS 59, 1969, 50-5.
  • Brewer, R.J. (ed.), Roman Fortresses and their Legions, London, 2000.
  • Campbell, D.B., Roman Legionary Fortresses, 27 BC-AD 378, Oxford, 2006.
  • Campbell, D.B., Roman Legionary vs. Carthaginian Warrior, Oxford, 2018.
  • Cole, M., Legion Versus Phalanx: The Epic Struggle for Infantry Supremacy in the Ancient World, Oxford, 2018.
  • Cowan, R., Roman Legionary: 58 BC-AD 69, Oxford, 2003.
  • Cowan, R., Imperial Roman Legionary: AD 161-284, Oxford, 2003.
  • Cowan, R., Roman Legionary: AD 69-161, Oxford, 2013.
  • Cowan, R., Roman Legionary: 109-58 BC, Oxford, 2017.
  • D’Amato, R., Roman Centurions: 753-31 BC, Oxford, 2011.
  • D’Amato, R., Roman Centurions: 31 BC-AD 500, Oxford, 2012.
  • D’Amato, R., Roman Army Units in the Western Provinces, 31 BC-AD 195, Oxford, 2016.
  • D’Amato, R., Roman Army Units in the Eastern Provinces, 31 BC-AD 195, Oxford, 2017.
  • D’Amato, R., Roman Standards & Standard-Bearers: 112 BC-AD 192, Oxford, 2018.
  • Dando-Collins, S., Legions of Rome: The Definitive History of Every Roman Legion, London, 2010.
  • Farnum, J.H., The Positioning of the Roman Imperial Legions, Oxford, 2005. 
  • Fields, N., Early Roman Warrior: 753-321 BC, Oxford, 2011.
  • Fields, N., Roman Republican Legionary: 298-105 BC, Oxford, 2012.
  • Keppie, L., ‘The changing face of the Roman legions (49 BC-AD 69)’, Papers of the British School at Rome 65, 1997, 89-102.
  • MacDowall, S., Late Roman Infantryman: AD 236-565, Oxford, 1994.
  • Mann, J.C., ‘The raising of new legions during the Principate’, Hermes 91, 1963, 483-89.
  • Mann, J.C., Legionary Recruitment and Veteran Settlement During the Principate, London, 1983, 49-68.
  • Parker, H.M.D., The Roman Legions, Cambridge, 1958.
  • Pollard, N. & Berry, J., The Complete Roman Legions, Farnborough, 2015.
  • Rankov, B., The Praetorian Guard, Oxford, 1994.
  • Roth, J., ‘The size and organization of the Roman imperial legion’, Historia 43, 1994, 346-62.
  • Speidel, M.P., ‘Eagle-bearer and trumpeter: the eagle-standard and trumpets of the Roman legions illustrated by three tombstones recently found at Byzantium’, Bonner Jahrbücher 176, 1976, 125-63.
  • Speidel, M., The Framework of an Imperial Legion, Cardiff, 1992.