Persia and Greece

The scholarship available on the conflicts between Persia and Greece.


  • Balcer, J.M., The Persian Conquest of the Greeks, 545-450 B.C., Konstanz, 1995.
  • Briant, P., From Cyrus to Alexander: a history of the Persian Empire, Winona Lake IN, 2002, 339-42 & 949-50.
  • Cawkwell, G.L., The Greek wars: the failure of Persia, New York, 2005.
  • Miller, M.C., Athens and Persia in the fifth century BC: a study in cultural receptivity, Cambridge, 1997.

Further Reading

  • Andrewes, A., ‘Thucydides and the Persians’ in Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte, 1961, 1-18.
  • Badian, E., ‘The Peace of Callias’ in From Plataea to Potidaea: studies in the history and historiography of the Pentecontaetia, Baltimore, 1993.
  • Balcer, J.M., ‘The Persian Wars against Greece: A Reassessment’ in Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte 38, 1989, 127-143.
  • Boedeker, D., ‘Persian gender relations as historical motives in Herodotus’ in Herodot und das Persische Weltreich =: Herodotus and the Persian Empire : Akten des 3. Internationalen Kolloquiums zum Thema “Vorderasien im Spannungsfeld klassischer und altorientalischer Überlieferungen,” Innsbruck, 24.-28. November 2008, Wiesbaden, 2011, 211-235.
  • Braun, T.F.R., ‘The Greeks in the Near East’ in The Cambridge ancient history: Vol. 3, part 3: The expansion of the Greek world, eighth to sixth centuries B.C., Cambridge, 1982, 1-31.
  • Cuyler Young, T., ‘480/479 B.C.-A Persian Perspective’ in Iranica Antiqua 15, 1980.
  • Flower, M., ‘Herodotus and Persia’ in The Cambridge companion to Herodotus, Cambridge, 2006, 274-289.
  • Harrison, T., ‘Herodotus on the character of Persian imperialism (7.5-11)’ in Assessing Biblical and classical sources for the reconstruction of Persian influence, history, and culture, Wiesbaden, 2015.
  • Lewis, D.M., ‘Persians in Herodotus’ in The Greek historians: literature and history : papers presented to A.E. Raubitschek, Saratoga CA, 1985, 89-105.
  • Lewis, D.M. & Bradeen, D.W., Sparta and Persia: lectures delivered at the University of Cincinnati, Autumn 1976 in memory of Donald W. Bradeen, Leiden, 1977.
  • Meiggs, R., The Athenian empire, Oxford, 1972, Ch 8.
  • Mitchell. L.G., Greeks bearing gifts, Cambridge, 1998, Ch 6.
  • Munson, R.V., ‘Who Are Herodotus’ Persians?’ in The Classical World 102, 2009, 457-470.
  • Olmstead, A.T., ‘Persia and the Greek Frontier Problem’ in Classical Philology 34, 1939, 305-322.
  • Powell, A., ‘The Peace of Callias’ in Athens and Sparta, London, 2001, 49-54.
  • Rhodes, P.J., ‘The impact of the Persian wars on classical Greece’ in Cultural responses to the Persian wars: antiquity to the third millennium, Oxford, 2007, 31-45.
  • Ruzicka, S., ‘The eastern Greek world‘ in The Greek world in the fourth century: from the fall of the Athenian Empire to the successors of Alexander, London, 1997.
  • Sancisi-Weerdenburg, H., ‘The Personality of Xerxes, King of Kings’ in Brill’s companion to Herodotus, Leiden, 2002.
  • Starr, C.J., ‘Why did the Greeks Defeat the Persians?’ in La Parola del passato: rivista di studi antichi 17, Naples, 1962, 321-332.
  • Wiesehofer, J., ‘“O Master, remember the Athenians”: Herodotus and Persian foreign policy’ in The world of Herodotus: proceedings of an international conference held at the Foundation Anastasios G. Leventis, Nicosia, September 18-21, 2003 and organized by the Foundation Anastasios G. Leventis and the Faculty of Letters, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, 2004, 209-221.
  • Wiesehofer, J., ‘“Keeping the two sides equal”: Thucydides, the Persians and the Peloponnesian War’ in Brill’s companion to Thucydides, Leiden, 2006, 657-667.