The scholarship available on Religion in Ancient Persia.


  • Briant, P., From Cyrus to Alexander: a history of the Persian Empire, Winona Lake IN, 2002, Ch 6.
  • Waters, M.W., Ancient Persia: a concise history of the Achaemenid Empire, 550-330 BCE, New York, 2014, 147-156.
  • Wiesehofer, J. & Azodi, A., Ancient Persia: from 550 BC to 650 AD, London, 2001, 94-101.

Further Reading

  • Bedford, P., ‘Early Achaemenid Monarchs and indigenous cults: towards a definition of imperial policy’ in Religion in the ancient world: new themes and approaches, Amsterdam, 1996, 17-40.
  • Cool Root, M., The king and kingship in Achaemenid art: essays on the creation of an iconography of empire, Leiden, 1979, Ch 4.
  • de Jong, A., ‘Religion at the Achaemenid court’ in The Achaemenid court, Wiesbaden, 2010, 553-558.
  • Fried, L.S., The priest and the great king: temple-palace relations in the Persian Empire, Winona Lake IN, 2004.
  • Henkelman, W., Achaemenid history: studies in Elamite-Iranian acculturation based on the Persepolis fortification texts, 14: The other gods who are, Leiden, 2008, 181-454.
  • Kuhrt, A., ‘The problem of Achaemenid religious policy’ in Die Welt der Götterbilder, Berlin, 2007, 117-142.
  • Kuhrt, A. & Sherwin-White, S., ‘Xerxes’ destruction of Babylonian temples’ in Achaemenid history: 2: The Greek sources : proceedings of the Groningen 1984 Achaemenid History Workshop, Leiden, 1987, 69-78.
  • Malandra, W. & Stausberg, M., ‘Iran’ in Religions of the ancient world: a guide, Cambridge MA, 2004, 197-206.