Women in Ancient Persia

The scholarship available on Women in Ancient Persia.


  • Briant, P., From Cyrus to Alexander: a history of the Persian Empire, Winona Lake IN, 2002, 277-286.
  • Brosius, M., Women in ancient Persia, 559-331 BC, Oxford, 1996.
  • Wiesehofer, J. & Azodi, A., Ancient Persia: from 550 BC to 650 AD, London, 2001, 79-88.

Further Reading

  • Bigwood, J.M., ‘Incestuous marriage in Achaemenid Iran’ in Klio: Beiträge zur alten Geschichte 91, Berlin, 2009, 311-341.
  • Brosius, M., ‘New out of old? Court and court ceremonies in Achaemenid Persia’ in The court and court society in ancient monarchies, Cambridge, 2007, 17-57.
  • Brosius, M., ‘Women (i). In Pre-Islamic Iran’ in Encyclopaedia Iranica, London, 2010.
  • Henkelman, W., Kuhrt, A. & Sancisi-Weerdenburg, H., Achaemenid history: essays in memory of Heleen Sancisi-Weerdenburg, 13: A Persian perspective, Leiden, 2003, 9-32.
  • Llewellyn-Jones, L., ‘Eunuchs and the royal harem’ in Eunuchs in antiquity and beyond, London, 2002, 19-49.
  • Llewellyn-Jones, L., King and court in ancient Persia 559 to 331 BCE, Edinburgh, 2013.
  • Shapur Shahbazi, A., ‘Harem i. In ancient Iran’ in Encyclopaedia Iranica, London, 2012.