The Horae were the goddesses of the seasons and the natural portions of time.

Residence: Mount Olympus
Symbols: Fruit
Parents: Zeus and Themis
Siblings: The Moirae

Dionysus leading the Horae. Roman relief, 1st c. AD. The Louvre.

They presided over the revolutions of the heavenly constellations by which the year was measured, while their three sisters, the Moirae spinned out the web of fate. The Horae also guarded the gates of Olympus and rallied the stars and constellations of heaven.

The Horae were particularly honoured by farmers who planted and tended their crops in time with the rising and setting of the stars. The three were usually named Eunomia (Good Order, Good Pasture), Eirene (Peace, Spring), and Dike (Justice); goddesses who individually represented the conditions required for farming prosperity.

The Three Horae. Athenian red-figure kylix, 5th c. BC. Antikensammlung, Berlin. (c) theoi.com

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