Themis was the Titan goddess of divine law and order: the traditional rules of conduct first established by the gods.

Residence: Mount Olympus
Symbols: Bronze sword
Parents: Uranus and Gaia
Siblings: Coeus, Crius, Cronus, Cyclops, Furies, Giants, Hecatoncheires, Hyperion, Iapetus, Oceanus, Meliae, Mnemosyne, Phoebe, Rhea, Tethys, Theia and Themis
Consort: Zeus
Children: The Horae

Themis of Rhamnous, Attica, by the sculptor Chairestratos, c. 300 BC. (c) Ricardo André Frantz

She was also a prophetic goddess who presided over the most ancient oracles, including Delphi. In this role, she was the divine voice, who first instructed mankind in the primal laws of justice and morality, such as the precepts of piety, the rules of hospitality, good governance, conduct of assembly, and pious offerings to the gods. In Greek, the word themis referred to divine law, those rules of conduct long established by custom.

Themis was an early bride of Zeus and his first counsellor. She was often represented seated beside his throne advising him on the precepts of divine law and the rules of fate.

Detail of an Attic red-figure kylix, c. 430 BC, depicting Themis and King Augeus.
Antikensammlung, Berlin. (c)
Detail of an Attic red-figure krater, depicting Themis and Eris at the Judgement of Paris. Hermitage Museum. (c)

Back to Titans