Ceres was a goddess of agriculture, grain crops, fertility and motherly relationships in Roman religion.
Ceres was credited with the discovery of spelt wheat, the yoking of oxen and ploughing, the sowing, protection and nourishing of the young seed, and the gift of agriculture to humankind; before this, it was said, man had subsisted on acorns, and wandered without settlement or laws. She had the power to fertilise, multiply and fructify plant and animal seed, and her laws and rites protected all activities of the agricultural cycle.
Ceres was also patron and protector of plebeian laws, rights and Tribunes. Her Aventine temple served the plebeians as cult centre, legal archive, treasury and possibly law-court.