Saturn was the god of generation, dissolution, plenty, wealth, agriculture, periodic renewal and liberation.
Residence: At the limits of Earth, at the extremity of the Heavens
Symbols: Sickle, scythe
Parents: Terra and Caelus
Siblings: Janus, Ops
Children: Ceres, Juno, Jupiter, Neptune, Pluto, Vesta
Greek equivalent: Cronus
Saturn’s mythological reign was depicted as a Golden Age of plenty and peace. After the Roman conquest of Greece, he was conflated with the Greek Titan Cronus, becoming known as a god of time.
Saturn was especially celebrated during the festival of Saturnalia each December, perhaps the most famous of the Roman festivals, a time of feasting, role reversals, free speech, gift-giving and revelry. The Temple of Saturn in the Roman Forum housed the state treasury and archives (aerarium) of the Roman Republic and the early Roman Empire.